Lesson 3 • Due 10/5/18

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Matthew 1:22–23 connect Jesus’ birth back to Isaiah…
Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet: “BEHOLD, THE VIRGIN SHALL BE WITH CHILD AND SHALL BEAR A SON, AND THEY SHALL CALL HIS NAME IMMANUEL,” which translated means, “GOD WITH US.”

“Immanuel”; “God with us!” What a title! This is clearly an incredibly important detail about Jesus’s identity, since Isaiah foretold it centuries earlier! But—what did Isaiah mean by the term “Immanuel” to his own people he preached to?

Remember the story of Ahaz and his enemies? Isaiah comforted the king, that before long his enemies would be shattered. Isaiah then reinforces this message by naming children with prophetic names, as Isaiah 8:18 says, “Behold, I and the children whom the LORD has given me are for signs and wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, who dwells on Mount Zion.”

Isaiah names two of his own children prophetically: Shear–Jashub. His name means, “The Remnant will Return.” The other is named: Maher–shalal–hash-baz. This child’s name basically says: “Don’t worry about it, Ahaz, your enemies will be plundered soon!”

But it is the other child whose special name really jumps out at us. The son we talked about earlier, who was born to the young maiden, and before he is old enough to know right and wrong, Ahaz’s enemies would be doomed. This prophetic child was given the name, Immanuel, meaning “God with us.”

Think about this: The original “Immanuel” was a little–known child whose name was prophetic—indicating that God would defend Judah from their enemies. The child himself doesn’t have a role in the story, just his name. Even though the term “Immanuel” is repeated in Isaiah 8:8, we don’t see him as an adult. We don’t know of a single thing he does. He is obscure.

But, the REAL “Immanuel” is Jesus. His name is “Yeshua” (meaning, “God Saves”), but He is called “God With Us!” For Jesus, “Immanuel” is an adjective. It properly describes Him! He is God–Become–Man. He is God–With–Us.


What do these verses teach you about “God With Us”…?

Zechariah 2:10–11 •

Jeremiah 31:33–34 •

John 1:14 •

John 12:23 •

Philippians 2:5–8 •



The land of Naphtali and Zebulun in Israel didn’t do well historically. There is a major international trade route running through this area, so it is a natural invasion path for armies heading north or south—or even attacking Israel herself. This land was invaded by Assyria in 732 BC and became a foreign province. Over the centuries it became known as the “Galilee of the Gentiles” because of the non–Jewish people living there.

This land was often the first to be overrun by the invading enemies, and it was a land of great spiritual darkness as well. Isaiah 8:19–22 vividly describes the doom and gloom in this area as they turned from God and turned to witchcraft: “distress and darkness, the gloom of anguish; and they will be driven away into darkness.”

But God makes an astounding promise to this dark land—they would experience a glorious “Sunrise”; the Great Light of Jesus would shine upon them! Their gloom would be replaced with gladness. Their anguish would be replaced with honor.

And in Isaiah 9:6, we see how this happens: A Child is born to them, and a Son is given to them!

Though you can’t see it on this map, there is a little city in Zebulun you may have heard of before: Nazareth! And look where Naphtali lies: it surrounds the Sea of Galilee where Jesus grew up and did most of His preaching and ministry.


Isaiah 9:6–7 is one of the most important Messianic passages in Isaiah. Let’s break this passage down with some amazing cross references…

• “For a child will be born to us”

Luke 2:25–32 • Simeon, the old man in the temple, blessed baby Jesus when He was brought by Mary and Joseph. What does Simeon say Jesus is in verse 32?

• “A Son will be given to us”

1 John 4:9 • God gave His Son so that we would…

1 John 4:10 • God gave (sent) His Son because…

1 John 4:14 • God gave His Son to be…

• “The government will rest on His shoulders”

John 19:17 • Jesus bore…

1 Peter 2:24 • Because Jesus died for our sins, we are to live to…

Finish this thought: “Jesus earned the right to govern my life, because _____ rested on His shoulders.”

“His name will be called… Wonderful”

Exodus 15:11 • What does “wonderful” mean (same Hebrew word as in Isaiah 9:6)?

Acts 2:22 • What three words describe Jesus’ works?


1 Corinthians 1:30 • What did Jesus become for those who are in Him?

Colossians 2:2–3 • What is hidden in Christ Jesus?

“Mighty God”

Read the following verses: Psalm 24:8, Psalm 45:3, Zephaniah 3:17. What does the word “mighty” mean in these verses?

“Eternal Father”

Jesus is not God the Father. They are equal members of the One Triune Godhead, yet they are mysteriously separate in their being. So how is it that Jesus is prophesied as the “Eternal Father”? Here’s a clue:

2 Kings 20:18 • In scripture, children are seen as originating from…

This is a clue to how Jesus is like a “Father”: 1 Corinthians 15:22 & John 5:21 • Jesus is like a Father, in that He…

“Prince of Peace”

Colossians 1:19–20 & Romans 5:1 • Where does true “peace” come from?